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MacKintosh of Cams


Neither history nor tradition offers any clue to the origin and derivation of this family, but there is a probability that it was an offshoot from the Farquharsons, and therefore of Clan Chattan ancestry. Its members had the alias " Mcinleich" or "McInlie," which seems equivalent to "MacFhionnlaidh," or son of Finlay, and this fact, coupled with apparently close connection with the Farquharsons on several occasions, may perhaps suffice to warrant a conjecture that the, founder of the family sprang from Finla Mor, though presumably, as he has no place in the Brouchdearg MS. Genealogy of the Farquharsons, in an illegitimate strain.

Glenshee, only some fifteen miles from the cradle of the Farquharsons in Braemar and on the direct route thence to the low country, was doubtless often visited by Finla Mor, and if the mother belonged to the district the settlement of the family in it rather than in Finla's own country across the hills is readily intelligible. The fact that the family name was Mackintosh is not only not antagonistic to this conjecture, but actually strengthens it, in as much as the Farquharsons claimed descent from a son of Alexander "Ciar" Mackintosh of Rothiemurcus " who from 1411 to 1492 was head of an important sept of the Clan Mackintosh, also known as Shaws, and some of them are found in record as " Mackintosh alias Farquharson " down to as late as 1628.

The name Mac-inleigh seems to have been used as a designation of the family as late as 1733, as Alexander Farquharson of Brouchdearg in his Farquharson Genealogy written in that year speaks of Alexander Macinleigh of Cams, who was alive in 1700 ; though in the Finzean copy of the MS. he calls him Alexander Mcintosh. Another possible derivation of the name is from " leigh or " lighich," a physician, although the usual form in different parts of tile Highlands seems to be MacLeay. Mac-an-leigh, physician's son, would of course require the emphasis on the last syllable, and unfortunately we do not know now how the alias of the Cams Mackintoshes was pronounced; but the forms "MeLeith" and "McCleich" in which the name is fouled in 1618 in the Privy Council Register (vol. xi.) may be thought to favour this derivation.

 It is right to mention, as detracting somewhat from the merits of the first conjecture, that the name Finlay occurs in the 15th century in the family of the toiseachs or thanes of Glentilt, the one who bore it being the last of the thanes, who alienated his lands in 1501 and was "deceased" in 1502. There is, however, no evidence that any of this family used the name Mackintosh, although Skene appears to take for granted that the family of Mackintosh in Tiriny two centuries later proceeded from them. Celt. Scot. iii. 272-4; see also p. 6 ante.

The lands of Cams, otherwise Caminis and Cambus, were situated on the left bank of the Shee, in the angle formed with it by the small stream from the north which gives its name to Glenbeg, and close to and opposite to the Spital of Glenshee. They were not of great extent, and the only building now upon them is a shepherd's cottage. The first mentioned of the Cams family are, Patrick Mcintosh and his son Peter (i.e. Patrick), who, according to Records of Invercauld (p. 216), on 27 Nov. 1599 get a feu. charter of Cammis from John Wemyss of Wemyss; and on 3 Oct. 1603 these two appear in the Privy Council Register,. but with the names Patrick McKinleiche elder of Cammis and Patrick Mcinleiche younger thereof, caution being found for them that they will keep the peace towards Andro Spalding of Ashintillie and David Spalding fiar thereof, who find similar caution for the safety of their adversaries. The cautioner for the two Mackintoshes, in $500 for the elder and 500 merks for the younger, is Alexander Farquharson of Thome, afterwards better known as the first Farquharson of Allanaquoich, a grandson of Finla Mor. P.C. Beg. vi. 805-9.

On 2 June 1618 Patrick " McIlleich in Keames" again appears in the Register, this time as cautioner for another. * Do. vi. 366. In 1621 the elder Patrick, by charter dated 21 July, made over his lands of Cams to his son Patrick and his wife Isabella, daughter of William Farquharson of Coldrach, * in implement of their marriage contract. The superiority had passed to the Spaldings of Ashintillie in 1615, and David Spalding, the David of 1603, who had succeeded his father, granted a charter of confirmation on the 1st of August. Particulars of the charter and sasine in 1621 are given in Records of Invercauld (p. 21 71), but the record does not appear in the Perth Sasine Register. A note on p. 26 of Records of Invercauld mentions as among the Invercauld writs " an old tack of the teinds of the lands of Achallater, almost illegible and not in the bound record, by John Earl of Mar and his son Lord Erskine to Patrick McInlish (McIntosh ?) 1532 " ; but there was no John Earl of Mar in that year, and presumably the correct date is 1632, when the nobleman of that name gave charters to the leading men of the Farquharsons, grandsons of Finla Mor, and when a Patrick Mcinleiche is actually found at Achallater among the witnesses to sasine in part of the lands to John Grewar and his wife Isobel Farquharson, a descendant of Finla Mor's elder brother. Abcrd. Sas. viii. 71. This Patrick was in all probability one of the two Patricks of Cams ; either the elder may have retired to Achallater about twelve miles distant across the Cairnwell, after giving up Cams to his son in 1621, or the younger may have had associations with the place on account of its proximity to Coldrach, his wife's home, the two places being on opposite sides of the Water of Cluny.

Two daughters of the elder Patrick are mentioned, Elspeth, wife of George Mackenzie alias McCondoche vic-inroy, in Cuthill, in 1605, and Janet, wife of John Mackenzie alias McMichell in Leonach Mor, in 1607. .Perth Sas. Secy's. Req. iii. 424, vi. 285, 1st S. ii. 252. On 20 Feb. 1643, at Alyth, Patrick Mcintoiche alias McInlie of Canibus, evidently the second Patrick !, gives bond for 100 merks to John Smith in Leitfie, his neighbour John Mackintosh of Finegand being cautioner for him (Reg. Deeds, vol. 552), and in a Perthshire Rental of 1649 Patrick McKintosh is entered for $36 for " Cammes " in the parish of Kirkmichael. In the same Rental part of " Cambus " is entered as belonging to Richard Mackintosh (of Ballachraggan). See p. 27 ante.

Alexander, son of Patrick, succeeded his father,. taking sasine in the lands 26 Oct. 1662 on a precept of clare constat by Andrew Spalding of Ashintillie dated 16 October. In March 1685 he witnesses sasine to the wife of Duncan Mackenzie alias Wilson of Tome, and in 1687 he appears as a cautioner to a bond for 500 merks granted on 30 January in that year by Robert Mackintosh fiar of Dalmunzie to another Alexander Mackintosh, portioner of Easter Ennoch in Strathardle. * Reg. Deeds., vol. 65. In 1688 (12 Jan.) Alexander disponed, at the Milton of Inveredrie, to Donald Farquharson of Coldrach, a small annual rent out of his lands, and two years later he resigned the lands altogether to Andrew Spalding of Ashintillie, the superior. Perth Sas. xiii. reg 11 Feb. 1698 and 3 July 1700.

In 1700 his name appears as one of the signatories to' a " Representation of the Heritors of Perthshire " to Parliament, calling attention to their serious losses and sufferings from the recent War (with France, ending at the Peace of Ryswick 30 Oct. 1697), the bad crops, and the inconveniences peculiar to those who dwell on the borders of the Highlands, continued murders, robberies, and depredations," and petitioning that the Companies for trading to Africa and India, in which they were financially interested, might be encouraged, and that proper measures might be taken "for employing the poor and freeing the country of stealing and oppression and that now in the time of peace we be eased of these great and heavy burdens we lie under."

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